A seed planted in Chapter 1 grows up and bears fruit in Chapter 4. Early on in the Epistle, the Holy Spirit reveals to the saints in Asia Minor that although they have been grieved by various trials, these only serve to refine their faith, with the result that they rejoice and praise God (1 Peter 1:6-7). Our Lord suffered in this world because he was not of this world. Those who follow him will likewise face opposition from wordlings (John 15:18-20). Rather than paranoia, defeatism, or defensiveness, this should rather rouse the Christian. Indeed, we are to “arm” ourselves with Christ’s mindset (1 Peter 4:1).
The world engages in “sensuality, passions, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and lawless idolatry,” (1 Peter 4:3) and when Christians abstain, they are maligned. However, the end of all things is near, and the Christian should leave these vile things in the past (1 Peter 4:3; 1 Peter 4:7). Rather than indulgence, the Christian is called to sobriety, prayer, and Christian love (1 Peter 4:7-8). We should live for the will of God, instead of for sinful pleasures (1 Peter 4:2). This may translate into suffering, but our Lord does call us to take up the cross and follow him (Matthew 16:24). We are to consider ourselves dead to sin and alive to God in Christ (Romans 6:9-14).
The Christians in Asia Minor may have more persecution ahead of them (1 Peter 4:12). Yet, those who suffer for Christ share in his glory (1 Peter 4:13). Indeed, this is a sign that the Holy Spirit is with the believer (1 Peter 4:14). If this seems difficult, or unpleasant, or unfair, then Peter asks his audience which seems better: to suffer for Christ, or to suffer the just judgement of our sin? There is no choice. Who are we to answer back to God? (Romans 9:20; Job 38:1-8).
Rather than accusing God, rather than judging God, rather than condemning God, the proper Christian response is to fear God (Ecclesiastes 12:13; Romans 11:33-36). Though the faithful may suffer on account of Christ, this is far better than the alternative. And God is faithful. His will is best; he works all things for our good (Romans 8:28). The Old Testament accounts of Joseph, as well as the Three Young Men in the Fiery Furnace and Daniel and the Lion’s Den, illustrate this.
Christ himself submitted to the father’s will, even when that meant shame, torture, and crucifixion. But this, the greatest suffering anyone has ever undergone, has accomplished our salvation. God is faithful, even in the midst of suffering (1 Peter 4:19). Thus, when Christ returns on the Last Day, all suffering will cease and we will be “glad when his glory is revealed” (1 Peter 4:13).